IndianaRog and the Temple of Steam

Miniature steam engines by Jensen, Karsten, Stuart & Empire. Lionel & MTH trains. Wind up clocks & watches plus black powder cannons and mortars.


Stuart Models Steam Engines

A little something about Stuart ModelsClick Here

Engines in this Collection:
(click hyperlink to jump to that engine type)

Approx. Dates
 
       Model                                                                       Origin     
  
unknown....................Stuart Beam                        (Machinist Built)               England

2007...........................
Stuart Model S50                 (Machinist Built)               England

unknown....................
Stuart Model 10H                 (Machinist Built)               England

unknown..
..................Stuart Model 10V                 (Machinist Built)               England

A little about Stuart Models

A significant leap up the quality curve here ! 

Stuart Models of
Guernsey, Channel Islands, UK (formerly known as Stuart Turner, the name of it's founder), claim to be the world's oldest company still producing model steam engines, in business since 1898!!!  Their very solid engines are sold as castings, kits of machined castings or in some cases factory finished pieces.  

Stuarts are NOT toy steam pieces as many engines in this collection, they are machinist built models and thus more akin to miniatures of the real thing.  Each of the Stuarts in this collection were machined and assembled by someone other than me.  I can only wish I had the skill and shop equipment necessary to do this type of quality work. 

Have a look at
Stuart Models website .  They are a first class company with many tantalizing offerings.  They command a premium price but you definitely get what you pay for.

Stuart Beam Engine

I have long admired the Stuart rendition of the Beam engine...a design perfected by James Watt in 1794.   The unique feature Watt brought to bear was a mechanical linkage named the "parallel motion" which can be seen as a series of interconnected rods off of the right end of the rocking beam in the photo below and straight on in the end shot that follows.

Watt's double-acting engine design produced power on both the upward and downward strokes necessitating a means to keep the piston and pump rod moving vertically yet perfectly parallel to one another.   So much for the textbook definition...it is simply beautiful to watch in operation, especially at slow speed as can be seen in a video further down this page.

Stuart has developed TWO sizes of the beam engine, this one and a much larger Major Beam version.   This is a pretty sizeable engine in it's own right with the following key specs:
- length 13 inches, height 12 inches and width 6 inches.  It weighs about 12 pounds
- flywheel is 7 inches in diameter, with bore at 1 inch, stroke at 2 inches

I will most likely never know the Englishman who machined this piece so carefully, as I found my engine via eBay and a secondary owner in Mar. '07.  Through the assistance of good friend Odilon Marcenaro, it was packaged securely for the trip from the UK to Indiana...making it in a record 5 days. 

I'm delighted with the build quality of this example which also features a working governor, but how I'd love to meet whoever made it.  Sir, if you ever sees this webpage, please know it has found a proper home.


I puzzled at the paint scheme used by the builder, best described as "some and none".  The flywheel, upright journals, rocking beam and center post were very nicely done in green paint with bare metal highlights at the edges.  EVERYTHING else is cast iron in the buff...no finish whatsoever!!!  While a unique contrast, unless kept oiled this baby's going to rust.
      
                                                 

I'm working on a paint scheme for a future date, but for now wanted to capture it as cleaned up and operational.  I say cleaned up because although run very little, the residual oil had collected years of dust...it took many hours of cleaning with cotton swabs and paper towels to get down to clean metal...perhaps it was a protective coat after all because the metal once cleaned up was in perfect condition.

Watch this space, the old girl will get a new dress, new wood plinth and maybe some wood & brass cylinder cladding sometime in the future, but for now I'm just enjoying running it by the hour off a small compressor.

I might actually steam it later, but I consider this as extended run-in time, with about 38 hours as of Aug. 2008, to smooth things out...she's running very smooth indeed at this point, on less than 10 psi of air, a delight to watch...almost mesmerizing.





CLICK HERE for an instant video
(sound you hear is the compressor...engine itself is almost silent)

Stuart S50 Horizontal Mill Engine

I'm finding over time that my collecting whims are shifting towards fewer, better and more machinist oriented pieces vs. just one more of "something".   I recently (late '07/early '08) sold off a number of steam engines and accessories I had lost interest in and decided to dedicate the cash to a few really nice additions. 

This piece is an example of my current pursuit of higher quality, a Stuart S50.  This is an elegant model "Mill Engine" of the type used to power small factories in the north of England during the mid-nineteenth century.




Most of the pieces in my collection have undergone a complete restoration by me to get them to this sort of quality level.  For this piece, the top notch fit and finish was purchased...I did nothing to this one but run it upon receipt, I could not improve on it.



This S50 was built in 2007 by John Coleman, a US machinist who sold quality engines, boilers and fittings on eBay via his eBay "store" called "The Steam Chest".   Sadly, John passed away in July 2011 and his eBay store is no more.  He will be missed by the model steam community... R.I.P. my friend.

John built this engine up from a 1980's Stuart Machined Kit, noting that Stuart pieces from the 1980's showed better workmanship and more extensive use of brass and bronze vs. cast iron today.   A check with the Stuart website confirms the greater use of cast iron in today's S50 vs. what was used in this engine.

The S50 spans 8.5 inches in length with a 5/8 inch bore and 1 1/4 inch stroke.  This particular example has a larger than current flywheel as noted in the list of features that follows.



Extras not found on current Stuart S50's but included on this one:
  -larger 3-3/4" flywheel diameter (vs. current 3 inch offered)
  -all bronze cylinder, steam chest & cover (vs. current iron castings)
  -dummy cast headbolts were machined off & replaced with real bolts
  -working brass governor with adjustable high speed steam cut off
  -live steam displacement lubricator
  -brass & bronze gate valve on inlet side
  -brass drain cock on cylinder end
  -brass oil cups throughout
  -mounted on a vintage piece of American Black Cherry wood & brass feet




I previously owned a Stuart S50, but it seemed a poor doer and I sold it on.  Being a machined piece, the finished product is very dependent on the skill of the machinist and my last example was not near as fluid in turning it over as this one. 

As can be seen in the following video, this S50 lives up to it's name as an elegant workhorse of the Stuart line and I am very pleased with the finished product.

CLICK HERE for an instant video

Stuart 10H Small Horizontal Mill Engine

One downside to purchasing engines like these from eBay sources is that many times you are dealing with a secondary seller of an estate item or the operator of an antique store, NOT the original owner or machinist who worked many hours to produce an engine. 

Such is the case with the 10H, simply sold as a "factory made" engine by a secondary seller.  I assume that meant it was one of the finished engines Stuart sold, but aside from the fine pinstripping on the engine, I have no way to verify it's parentage.

The 10H is the horizontal version of the 10V that follows this section.  The 10H spans 6 inches in length, and has the same 3 inch flywheel and 3/4 inch bore and stroke as the 10V. 

Stuart notes the 10H will run from 200 rpms to 2000 rpms making it well suited for driving other models such as their Dynamo or Oil Field Pump (sure wish I had those!!) 

Suffice it to say this little engine runs beautifully on live steam from a 3" Jensen boiler or compressed air.  I still have not decided how to mount this engine, but most likely will put it on a nice wooden base.

This example and other Stuarts are in a different class than the rest of my collection...not so much from a size standpoint, but a precision machined engine like this really showcases an individual's work and is closer in reality to the real engines these are based on.  Lovely stuff.

Just for kicks I hooked up the Stuart 10H to the exhaust coming out of the Stuart Beam, both ran just beautifully, a bit slower, more scalelike...but nice...see the video below:

CLICK HERE for an instant video
(sound you hear is the compressor...engine itself is almost silent)

Stuart 10V Vertical Marine Engine

On Stuart's website they claim the model 10V is the most popular engine in their range and if desired it will power a 48 inch boat.   It stands 6 inches high, has a 3 inch flywheel and it's bore and stroke are both 3/4 inch.

Well, it's August 2008 and I've just acquired the 10V on the left, from a steamer friend, and I'm delighted with the build quality. 

This is my fourth Stuart and this one is quite similar to the 10H already in this collection, but it is oriented vertically to optimize function in a model boat.


I'm not sure of this one's origins other than it came from an east coast US engine show and is done up in Stuart's trademark color scheme. 

Did Stuart machine it themselves or was this the work of a talented hobby machinist from Stuart castings?  It's likely I won't ever know, but I can verify it runs exceptionally well and was carefully put together.

I know it sounds like a cliche, but it truly does run like a Swiss Watch, sewing machine etc. etc.  Just as smooth as can be. 

So far I've only run it on compressed air, but it will go from ticking over at a crawl, to a high speed blur with almost no sound at all. 
The video that follows shows just what a "smoothie" this engine is. 

I'm not sure I will ever mount it in a boat, but it surely captures the essence of a quality marine engine for an operational display.




CLICK HERE for an instant video